🔥🔥🔥 Nagasaki Bomb Name

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Nagasaki Bomb Name



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Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki. On this day in , a second atom bomb is dropped on Japan by the United States, at Nagasaki, resulting finally in Japan's unconditional surrender. Asked by: Adrista Sharlott asked in category: General Last Updated: 29th February, What were the names of the first two atomic bombs? The bomb dropped on Nagasaki three days later was significantly larger and was known as "Fat Boy". Answer has 87 votes. The Nagasaki bomb was a plutonium implosion device as exploded in New Mexico at the Trinity site in July Did we have a third atomic bomb?

It was the second of the only two nuclear weapons ever used in warfare, the first being Little Boy, and its detonation marked the third nuclear explosion in history. Why didnt US bomb Tokyo? The city which was not even on the initial list of targets on the bombing order was chosen because of bad weather over the second target of Kokura city - which prevented the pilots from dropping the bomb on 9 August. Why did the US pick Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been targeted during the US Air Force's conventional bombing raids on Japan, and was therefore regarded as being a suitable place to test the effects of an atomic bomb. Among those in the plane that dropped the bomb on Nagasaki was the British pilot Leonard Cheshire.

The bomb was inches 3. It weighed 10, pounds 4, kg. The plutonium pit [22] was 3. The depleted uranium tamper was an 8. The plastic shell had a 5-inch mm diameter cylindrical hole running through it, like the hole in a cored apple, in order to allow insertion of the pit as late as possible. The missing tamper cylinder containing the pit could be slipped in through a hole in the surrounding The explosion symmetrically compressed the plutonium to twice its normal density before the "Urchin" added free neutrons to initiate a fission chain reaction. The result was the fission of about 1 kilogram 2. The first plutonium core was transported with its polonium-beryllium modulated neutron initiator in the custody of Project Alberta courier Raemer Schreiber in a magnesium field carrying case designed for the purpose by Philip Morrison.

Magnesium was chosen because it does not act as a tamper. The cores were transported to North Field, arriving on 2 August, when F31 was partly disassembled in order to check all its components. F33 was expended near Tinian during a final rehearsal on 8 August. F32 presumably would have been used for a third attack or its rehearsal. Purnell , Commodore William S. Parsons said that Project Alberta would have it ready by 11 August, but Tibbets pointed to weather reports indicating poor flying conditions on that day due to a storm and asked if the bomb could be made ready by 9 August. Parsons agreed to try to do so. Fat Man F31 was assembled on Tinian by Project Alberta personnel, [41] and the physics package was fully assembled and wired. It was placed inside its ellipsoidal aerodynamic bombshell and wheeled out, where it was signed by nearly 60 people, including Purnell, Brigadier General Thomas F.

Farrell , and Parsons. Bock , [46] who flew The Great Artiste with his crew on the mission. Bockscar was flown by Major Charles W. Sweeney and his crew, with Commander Frederick L. Ashworth from Project Alberta as the weaponeer in charge of the bomb. Bockscar lifted off at on the morning of 9 August , with Kokura as the primary target and Nagasaki the secondary target. The weapon was already armed, but with the green electrical safety plugs still engaged. Ashworth changed them to red after ten minutes so that Sweeney could climb to 17, feet 5, m in order to get above storm clouds. This fuel would still have to be carried all the way to Japan and back, consuming still more fuel. Replacing the pump would take hours; moving the Fat Man to another aircraft might take just as long and was dangerous as well, as the bomb was live.

Colonel Paul Tibbets and Sweeney therefore elected to have Bockscar continue the mission. The target for the bomb was the city of Kokura, but it was found to be obscured by clouds and drifting smoke from fires started by a major firebombing raid by Bs on nearby Yahata the previous day. Three bomb runs were made over the next 50 minutes, burning fuel and repeatedly exposing the aircraft to the heavy defenses of Yahata, but the bombardier was unable to drop visually. By the time of the third bomb run, Japanese anti-aircraft fire was getting close; Second Lieutenant Jacob Beser was monitoring Japanese communications, and he reported activity on the Japanese fighter direction radio bands.

Sweeney then proceeded to the alternative target of Nagasaki. It was obscured by clouds, as well, and Ashworth ordered Sweeney to make a radar approach. At the last minute, however, bombardier [48] Captain Kermit K. Beahan [47] found a hole in the clouds. The Fat Man was dropped and exploded at local time, following a second free-fall, at an altitude of about 1, feet m. An estimated 35,—40, people were killed outright by the bombing at Nagasaki. Mitsubishi's industrial production in the city was also severed by the attack; the dockyard would have produced at 80 percent of its full capacity within three to four months, the steelworks would have required a year to get back to substantial production, the electric works would have resumed some production within two months and been back at capacity within six months, and the arms plant would have required 15 months to return to 60 to 70 percent of former capacity.

The Mitsubishi-Urakami Ordnance Works, which manufactured the type 91 torpedoes released in the attack on Pearl Harbor , was destroyed in the blast. The first was known as Gilda after Rita Hayworth 's character in the movie Gilda , and it was dropped by the B Dave's Dream ; it missed its aim point by yards m. The second bomb was nicknamed Helen of Bikini and was placed without its tail fin assembly in a steel caisson made from a submarine's conning tower; it was detonated 90 feet 27 m beneath the landing craft USS LSM The two weapons yielded about 23 kilotonnes 96 TJ each. In November , the Army Air Forces asked Los Alamos for Fat Man bombs, but there were only two sets of plutonium cores and high-explosive assemblies at the time.

The Army Air Forces wanted improvements to the design to make it easier to manufacture, assemble, handle, transport, and stockpile. The wartime Project W was continued, and drop tests resumed in January Mechanical components were made or procured by the Rock Island Arsenal ; electrical and mechanical components for about 50 bombs were stockpiled at Kirtland Army Air Field by August , but only nine plutonium cores were available. Production of the Mod 0 ended in December , by which time there were still only 53 cores available. It was replaced by improved versions known as Mods 1 and 2 which contained a number of minor changes, the most important of which was that they did not charge the X-Unit firing system's capacitors until released from the aircraft.

The Mod 0s were withdrawn from service between March and July , and by October they had all been rebuilt as Mods 1 and 2. A nuclear strike would have been a formidable undertaking in the post-war s due to the limitations of the Mark III Fat Man. The lead-acid batteries which powered the fuzing system remained charged for only 36 hours, after which they needed to be recharged. To do this meant disassembling the bomb, and recharging took 72 hours. The batteries had to be removed in any case after nine days or they corroded.

The plutonium core could not be left in for much longer, because its heat damaged the high explosives. Replacing the core also required the bomb to be completely disassembled and reassembled. This required about 40 to 50 men and took between 56 and 72 hours, depending on the skill of the bomb assembly team, and the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project had only three teams in June They would first have to fly to Sandia Base to collect the bombs, and then to an overseas base from which a strike could be mounted. It was detonated on 29 August as part of Operation "First Lightning". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the World War II nuclear weapon.

For other uses, see Fat Man disambiguation. Nuclear weapon. An exploding-bridgewire detonator simultaneously starts a detonation wave in each of the 32 tapered high-explosive columns positioned around the explosive material at the face centers of a truncated icosahedron , [32] a geometry popularly known from the pattern of common soccer balls. The detonation wave arrows is initially convex in the

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